Flag of American Samoa

American Samoa
美屬薩摩亞

(territory of the US)

  Click for Pago Pago, American Samoa Forecast  
 

當地時間                                                 

 
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Map of American Samoa

American Samoa    Introduction Top of Page
Background:

簡介:位于中太平洋南部國際日期變更妁線東側,屬波利尼西亞群島。包括薩摩亞群島的土土伊拉、奧努烏、羅斯島、馬努阿群島的塔烏、奧洛塞加、奧福島及斯溫斯島。70%的土地?叢林覆蓋,主島土土伊拉島最高峰馬塔法奧山海拔966米。屬熱帶雨林氣候。5月∼10月旱季,11月∼4月雨季。年平均氣溫21∼32C。,年平均降水量3000毫米。大約公元前1000年已有人居住。1722年荷蘭人抵此。後法、英、德、美相繼到此。1899年,根據美、英、德三國協定,東薩摩亞從薩摩亞群島中劃出,成為美國殖民地。1922年成為美國非建制領土。1951年以前是美國海軍基地,由美國海軍部管轄。1951年7月劃歸美國內政部島嶼事務辦公室管轄。總督為最高行政官。

人民生活: 公務人員4788人,比上年減少50人。1996年人均收入3300美元,1998年約5000美元。職工最低工資標準每小時2.63美元(1999年)。東薩70%以上的工人拿最低工資或接近最低工資。東薩人享受免費醫療,住院每天只象徵性交7美元。1999/2000財政年度,醫療衛生費用3666萬美元,占預算總支出的20.3%。有中心醫院1所,衛生中心2所;醫生25名,護士18名。1996年2月,東薩成立特別工作組,計劃投資6500萬∼7000萬美元,用于建設新醫療設施。

Settled as early as 1000 B. C., Samoa was "discovered" by European explorers in the 18th century. International rivalries in the latter half of the 19th century were settled by an 1899 treaty in which Germany and the US divided the Samoan archipelago. The US formally occupied its portion - a smaller group of eastern islands with the excellent harbor of Pago Pago - the following year.

American Samoa    Geography Top of Page
Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Geographic coordinates: 14 20 S, 170 00 W
Map references: Oceania
Area: 面積 199平方公里(陸地面積)。

total:  199 sq km

land:  199 sq km

water:  0 sq km

note:  includes Rose Island and Swains Island

Area - comparative: slightly larger than Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 116 km
Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages about 3 m; rainy season from November to April, dry season from May to October; little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain: five volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains, two coral atolls (Rose Island, Swains Island)
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:  Lata 966 m
Natural resources: pumice, pumicite
Land use: arable land:  5%

permanent crops:  10%

permanent pastures:  0%

forests and woodland:  70%

other:  15% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: NA sq km
Natural hazards: typhoons common from December to March
Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water resources; the water division of the government has spent substantial funds in the past few years to improve water catchments and pipelines
Geography - note: Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the South Pacific Ocean, sheltered by shape from rough seas and protected by peripheral mountains from high winds; strategic location in the South Pacific Ocean
American Samoa    People Top of Page
Population: 人口 65,446人(2000年6月)。

67,084 (July 2001 est.)

Age structure: 0-14 years:  38.44% (male 13,278; female 12,512)

15-64 years:  56.57% (male 18,784; female 19,163)

65 years and over:  4.99% (male 1,779; female 1,568) (2001 est.)
Population growth rate: 人口增長率2.53%(2000年)。

2.42% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 24.88 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Death rate: 4.31 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Net migration rate: 3.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth:  1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years:  1.06 male(s)/female

15-64 years:  0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over:  1.13 male(s)/female

total population:  1.02 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 10.36 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population:  75.32 years

male:  70.89 years

female:  80.02 years (2001 est.)
Total fertility rate: 3.5 children born/woman (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Nationality: noun:  American Samoan(s)

adjective:  American Samoan
Ethnic groups: 多屬波利尼西亞人種,其中薩摩亞、美國和其他島國人約1.7萬,還有少數韓國人和華人。

Samoan (Polynesian) 89%, Caucasian 2%, Tongan 4%, other 5%

Religions: 居民多信奉基督新教和天主教。

Christian Congregationalist 50%, Roman Catholic 20%, Protestant and other 30%

Languages: 講薩摩亞語,通用英語。

Samoan (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages), English

note:  most people are bilingual

Education: 教育: 中小學全部實行12年義務教育,共有公、私立各類學校102所,其中學齡前兒童學校59所,幼兒園30所,小學32所,中學9所,社區學院1所(美屬薩摩亞社區學院有學生1000多名,教師40多名,學制兩年),還有1所特別教育學校。1999/2000財政年度,教育和文化開支4228萬美元,占預算總支出的23.37%。1996年在校學生總數18034人。1999年1月,公立學校入校學生16104人,比1998年增加近2000人。
Literacy: definition:  age 15 and over can read and write

total population:  97%

male:  98%

female:  97% (1980 est.)
American Samoa    Government Top of Page
Country name: 美屬薩摩亞 American Samoa又稱東薩摩亞

conventional long form:  Territory of American Samoa

conventional short form:  American Samoa

abbreviation:  AS

Dependency status: unincorporated and unorganized territory of the US; administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, US Department of the Interior
Politics: 政治:1977年11月,彼得·塔堙P科爾曼在首次普選中當選總督,為于1980年連任。1984年11月,阿菲奧格·魯塔媟篻嬼`督。1988年11月,彼得·塔堙P科爾曼擊敗魯塔堙A重新當選為總督。1992年11月,魯塔埵A次當選總督。1996年11月,塔烏埃塞·皮塔·蘇尼亞當選總督,2000年11月再次當選。
Government type: 政府: 總督塔烏埃塞,副總督托吉奧拉(Togiola Tulafono)。

NA

Capital: 首府 帕果帕果(Pago Pago)。

Pago Pago

Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three districts and two islands* at the second order; Eastern, Manu'a, Rose Island*, Swains Island*, Western
Independence: none (territory of the US)
National holiday: 重要節日 旗日:4月17日;美國獨立日:7月4日。

Flag Day, 17 April (1900)

Constitution: ratified 1966, in effect 1967
Legal system: NA
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: 司法機構: 有高級法院和地方法院。大法官由美國內政部任命。

chief of state:  President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 January 2001) and Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 January 2001)

head of government:  Governor Tauese P. SUNIA (since 3 January 1997) and Lieutenant Governor Togiola TULAFONO (since 3 January 1997)

cabinet:  NA

elections:  US president and vice president elected on the same ticket for four-year terms; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 7 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2004)

election results:  Tauese P. SUNIA reelected governor; percent of vote - Tauese P. SUNIA (Democrat) 50.7%, Lealaifuaneva Peter REID (independent) 47.8%

Legislative branch:

議會: 有參眾兩院。參院有18個席位,參議員用從選區酋長中推選的傳統方法產生,任期2年。眾議院有21個席位,其中20席由選舉產生,另1席為斯溫斯島代表,任期2年。

該島在美國國會無代表權,該島人民選舉出地方代表常駐美國國會,只在眾院各委員會參加表決。目前駐美國國會代表為伊尼·法堸那奧(Eni F. J. Falaomavaega)。

bicameral Fono or Legislative Assembly consists of the House of Representatives (21 seats - 20 of which are elected by popular vote and 1 is an appointed, nonvoting delegate from Swains Island; members serve two-year terms) and the Senate (18 seats; members are elected from local chiefs and serve four-year terms)

elections:  House of Representatives - last held 7 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2002); Senate - last held 7 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2004)

election results:  House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; note - only independents elected

note:  American Samoa elects one delegate to the US House of Representatives; election last held 7 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2002); results - Eni F. H. FALEOMAVAEGA (Democrat) reelected as delegate for a sixth term
Judicial branch: High Court (chief justice and associate justices are appointed by the US Secretary of the Interior)
Political parties and leaders: 總督 塔烏埃塞·皮塔·蘇尼亞(Tauese Pita Sunia)1997年1月就職,2001年1月連任。

政黨:兩黨制:民主黨(Democratic Party);共和黨(Republican Party)。

重要人物:塔烏埃塞·皮塔·蘇尼亞:總督。1941年生。畢業于美國堪薩斯基爾尼(Kearny)州立師大,後來獲得夏威夷大學的教育管理碩士學位。曾任電視教育局助理局長,教育局助理局長等職。1972年∼1974年任新建的美屬薩摩亞社區學院副院長。自1971年起,任美屬薩摩亞基督教公理會副主祭,1995年當選?副主席。1996年7月以來任主席,負責巡視薩摩亞、美國本土、夏威夷和新西蘭的教會事務。1992年當選?副總督,1996年11月競選總督成功,2000年11月再次當選。

Democratic Party [leader NA]; Republican Party [leader NA]

Political pressure groups and leaders: NA
International organization participation: ESCAP (associate), Interpol (subbureau), IOC, SPC
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of the US)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (territory of the US)
Flag description: blue, with a white triangle edged in red that is based on the outer side and extends to the hoist side; a brown and white American bald eagle flying toward the hoist side is carrying two traditional Samoan symbols of authority, a staff and a war club
American Samoa    Economy Top of Page
Economy - overview: 經 濟:土地貧瘠,多山。90%的土地公地。僅少量香蕉、芋頭和蔬菜。糧食、水果、肉類、蔬菜和日用品等不能自給。其經濟主要依靠美國政府援助和金槍魚工業。1995年的國內生總值15,000萬美元,人均國內生?總值2,600美元。1996年東薩勞動力總數: 1.47萬人,其中94%受雇。勞動力的62%: 外籍人,其中46%: 薩摩亞人。1996年通貨膨脹率為2.7%。通用美元。

財政金融: 1999/2000年財政年度,預算總額1.809億美元,其中美國內務部援助3619萬美元(2309萬美元作?東薩政府的動作費用,1010萬美元?基礎設施和工程補貼,10年來基本保持不變);財政和各種專項補貼5363萬美元;當地收入5379萬美元;企業基金4030萬美元。美國援助共8682萬美元,占財政預算的48%。

主要銀行有:(1)美屬薩摩亞銀行(American Samoa Bank)地址:POB 3790,Pago Pago。電話:6335053。傳真:6335057。
(2)美屬薩摩亞開發銀行(Development Bank of American Samoa)。地址:POB 9,Pago Pago。電話:6334031。傳真:6331163。

對外貿易:1999年進口額2.27億美元,進口產品大部分是用于罐頭加工的生魚,其次是食品、燃料、生活用品和建築材料等;出口額3.12億美元,出口品99%: 金槍魚罐頭和魚罐頭加工副品。1998年外貿盈餘1.679億美元,比1997年增加1500萬美元。主要貿易夥伴: 美國、新西蘭、澳大利亞和薩摩亞。

旅遊業: 政府致力于發展旅游業,但由于資金缺乏及交通不便,東薩旅游業目前發展緩慢。1996年共有游客6475人次。全地區有1家"造雨"旅館(一直虧損,1998年住房率僅42.3%)和7家汽車旅館。

This is a traditional Polynesian economy in which more than 90% of the land is communally owned. Economic activity is strongly linked to the US, with which American Samoa conducts the great bulk of its foreign trade. Tuna fishing and tuna processing plants are the backbone of the private sector, with canned tuna the primary export. Transfers from the US Government add substantially to American Samoa's economic well-being. Attempts by the government to develop a larger and broader economy are restrained by Samoa's remote location, its limited transportation, and its devastating hurricanes. Tourism, a developing sector, has been held back by the recurring financial difficulties in East Asia.

GDP: purchasing power parity - $500 million (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: NA%
GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $8,000 (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture:  NA%

industry:  NA%

services:  NA%
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%:  NA%

highest 10%:  NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%
Labor force: 14,000 (1996)
Labor force - by occupation: government 33%, tuna canneries 34%, other 33% (1990)
Unemployment rate: 16% (1993)
Budget: revenues:  $121 million (37% in local revenue and 63% in US grants)

expenditures:  $127 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY96/97)
Industries:

工業:主要工業是美國投資的兩家金槍魚罐頭廠、一家制衣廠和少量的工業品。兩家罐頭廠年加工量約20多萬噸,雇用5000多名工人(其中4000多?薩摩亞工人),?品絕大部分銷往美國。制衣廠雇用約400多名工人。

tuna canneries (largely dependent on foreign fishing vessels), handicrafts
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Electricity - production: 130 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel:  100%

hydro:  0%

nuclear:  0%

other:  0% (1999)
Electricity - consumption: 120.9 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (1999)
Agriculture - products:

農業: 以傳統作物?主,如椰子、香蕉、芋頭、麵包果、蔬菜等。1992年東薩椰子產量為5000噸,芋頭產量2000噸,香蕉產量1000噸,養?11000頭(據世界糧農組織統計)。1996年捕魚量?220噸。根據美國總統克林頓批准的"農業法案",從1995年10月1日到2002年共7年間,東薩每個財政年度(每年的10月1日到次年的9月30日)可得到530萬美元的食品印花資金。

bananas, coconuts, vegetables, taro, breadfruit, yams, copra, pineapples, papayas; dairy products, livestock
Exports: $500 million (1998)
Exports - commodities: canned tuna 93%
Exports - partners: US 99.6%
Imports: $471 million (1996)
Imports - commodities: materials for canneries 56%, food 8%, petroleum products 7%, machinery and parts 6%
Imports - partners: US 62%, Japan 9%, NZ 7%, Australia 11%, Fiji 4%, other 7%
Debt - external: $NA
Economic aid - recipient: 外國援助: 1990年東薩接受了9900萬美元的外援。1996年/1997年財政年度從美國國會及聯邦政府獲援助約6500萬美元。

important financial support from the US, more than $40 million in 1994

Currency: US dollar (USD)
Currency code: USD
Exchange rates: the US dollar is used
Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September
American Samoa    Communications Top of Page
Telephones - main lines in use: 13,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular: 2,550 (1997)
Telephone system: general assessment:  NA

domestic:  good telex, telegraph, facsimile and cellular telephone services; domestic satellite system with 1 Comsat earth station

international:  satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Newspaper: 新聞出版: 報刊有《薩摩亞新聞》日報和《美屬薩摩亞政府通訊》。
Radio broadcast stations: 有兩家電臺。WVUV電臺為商業電臺,1975年由政府租借薩摩亞廣播公司,用英語和薩摩亞語播音。

AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)

Radios: 57,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations: 有兩家電視臺。KVZK電視臺:建于1964年,為政府所有,現有3個頻道,每天播放18個小時的電視節目。

1 (1997)

Televisions: 14,000 (1997)
Internet country code: .as
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
Internet users: NA
American Samoa    Transportation Top of Page
Railways: 0 km
Highways: 1996年擁有各種機動車輛6181輛

total:  350 km

paved:  150 km

unpaved:  200 km

Waterways: none
Ports and harbors: 帕果帕果是天然良港,可泊萬噸輪

Aunu'u (new construction), Auasi, Faleosao, Ofu, Pago Pago, Ta'u

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)
Airports: 國際機場可起降大型客機。政府的薩摩亞航空公司(Samoa Air)只有2架19座和1架9座的客機。

4 (2000 est.)

Airports - with paved runways: total:  2

2,438 to 3,047 m:  1

under 914 m:  1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways: total:  2

under 914 m:  2 (2000 est.)
American Samoa    Military Top of Page
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US
American Samoa    Transnational Issues Top of Page
Disputes - international: none