Flag of Baker Island

Baker Island

(territory of the US)



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Map of Baker Island

Baker Island    Introduction Top of Page

豪蘭和貝克群島(Howland and Baker Islands)由兩個無瀉湖的珊瑚礁島組成,西南距夏威夷2575公里,是太平洋中部靠近赤道處的珊瑚環礁,為美國無建制領土。兩島均為赤道氣候,少雨,多風。地勢低平,四周有暗礁環繞。無淡水資源。豪蘭島長2.4公里,寬0.9公里,陸地面積1.6平方公里,海岸線長6.4公里,陸地最高點為海平面以上3米。貝克島長1.6公里,寬1.1公里,陸地面積1.4平方公里,海岸線長4.8公里,陸地最高點為海平面以上8米。

The US took possession of the island in 1857, and its guano deposits were mined by US and British companies during the second half of the 19th century. In 1935, a short-lived attempt at colonization was begun on this island - as well as on nearby Howland Island - but was disrupted by World War II and thereafter abandoned. Presently the island is a National Wildlife Refuge run by the US Department of the Interior; a day beacon is situated near the middle of the west coast.

Baker Island    Geography Top of Page
Location: Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Geographic coordinates: 0 13 N, 176 31 W
Map references: Oceania
Area: total:  1.4 sq km

land:  1.4 sq km

water:  0 sq km
Area - comparative: about 2.5 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 4.8 km
Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: 兩島均為赤道氣候,少雨,多風。

equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun

Terrain: low, nearly level coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:  unnamed location 8 m
Natural resources: guano (deposits worked until 1891), terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Land use: arable land:  0%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  0%

forests and woodland:  0%

other:  100%
Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1993)
Natural hazards: the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
Environment - current issues: no natural fresh water resources
Geography - note: treeless, sparse, and scattered vegetation consisting of grasses, prostrate vines, and low growing shrubs; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife
Baker Island    People Top of Page
Population: uninhabited

note:  American civilians evacuated in 1942 after Japanese air and naval attacks during World War II; occupied by US military during World War II, but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; a cemetery and remnants of structures from early settlement are located near the middle of the west coast; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2001 est.)
Baker Island    Government Top of Page
Country name: 豪蘭和貝克群島
Howland and Baker Islands

conventional long form:  none

conventional short form:  Baker Island

Dependency status: unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
Legal system: the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Flag description: the flag of the US is used
Baker Island    Economy Top of Page
Economy - overview: no economic activity
Baker Island    Transportation Top of Page
Waterways: none
Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only; note - there is one small boat landing area along the middle of the west coast
Airports: 1 abandoned World War II runway of 1,665 m, completely covered with vegetation and unusable (2000 est.)
Transportation - note: there is a day beacon near the middle of the west coast
Baker Island    Military Top of Page
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US; visited annually by the US Coast Guard
Baker Island    Transnational Issues Top of Page
Disputes - international: none