Flag of French Southern and Antarctic Lands

French Southern and Antarctic Lands
法屬南部領地

(overseas territory of France)

國歌

當地時間

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Map of French Southern and Antarctic Lands

French Southern and Antarctic Lands    Introduction Top of Page
Background:

面積和人口:法屬南部領地包括南印度洋上的三個群島:凱爾蓋朗群島(7215平方公里,56人)、克羅澤群島(515平方公里,17人)、阿姆斯特丹群島(58平方公里,20人)和聖保羅群島(8平方公里,無人居住)
(注:所有資料來源於歐羅巴年鑒
2000,其中人口資料包括科學考察組成員人數。)
高級專員:布莉吉特吉拉爾丹。南部領地的管理中心設在巴黎。

1992
1月,法國政府設立專門的極地技術研究院來主管法國在南部領地以及南極地區的研究組織及研究專案。
經濟
【捕魚業】1999年,阿姆斯特丹群島和聖保羅群島共?龍蝦340噸。法國和其他外國船隻在凱爾蓋群島共捕魚6500噸。

科研機構:  法國在凱爾蓋朗群島、阿姆斯特丹群島和克羅澤群島上均設有氣象站和地理研究所。在克羅澤群島、凱爾蓋朗群島上進行海洋微生物研究和原子能研究。在阿姆斯特丹群島上進行大氣污染研究。

The Southern Lands consist of two archipelagos, Iles Crozet and Iles Kerguelen, and two volcanic islands, Ile Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul. They contain no permanent inhabitants and are visited only by researchers studying the native fauna. The Antarctic portion consists of "Adelie Land," a thin slice of the Antarctic continent discovered and claimed by the French in 1840.

French Southern and Antarctic Lands    Geography Top of Page
Location: south of Africa, islands in the southern Indian Ocean, about equidistant between Africa, Antarctica, and Australia; note - French Southern and Antarctic Lands includes Ile Amsterdam, Ile Saint-Paul, Iles Crozet, and Iles Kerguelen in the southern Indian Ocean, along with the French-claimed sector of Antarctica, "Adelie Land"; the US does not recognize the French claim to "Adelie Land"
Geographic coordinates: 43 00 S, 67 00 E
Map references: Antarctic Region
Area: total:  7,781 sq km

land:  7,781 sq km

water:  0 sq km

note:  includes Ile Amsterdam, Ile Saint-Paul, Iles Crozet and Iles Kerguelen; excludes "Adelie Land" claim of about 500,000 sq km in Antarctica that is not recognized by the US
Area - comparative: slightly less than 1.3 times the size of Delaware
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 1,232 km
Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone:  200 NM from Iles Kerguelen only

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: antarctic
Terrain: volcanic
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point:  Mont Ross on Iles Kerguelen 1,850 m
Natural resources: fish, crayfish
Land use: arable land:  0%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  0%

forests and woodland:  0%

other:  100%
Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1993)
Natural hazards: Ile Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul are extinct volcanoes
Environment - current issues: NA
Geography - note: islands component is widely scattered across remote locations in the southern Indian Ocean
French Southern and Antarctic Lands    People Top of Page
Population: no indigenous inhabitants (July 2001 est.)

note:  in 1997, there were about 100 researchers whose numbers vary from winter (July) to summer (January)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands    Government Top of Page
Country name: 法屬南部領地

conventional long form:  Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands

conventional short form:  French Southern and Antarctic Lands

local long form:  Territoire des Terres Australes et Antarctiques Francaises

local short form:  Terres Australes et Antarctiques Francaises

Politics: 政治:  根據法國1955年8月6日通過的法案規定,法屬南部領地由專門的高級專員主管。該專員向法國主管海外省和海外領地的國務秘書負責。專員下設顧問委員會,每年召開兩次例會。委員會有7名成員。這些成員由國防部和海外省、海外領地部及技術研究部聯合任命,任期五年。本屆顧問委員會主席為讓-皮埃爾捏蜇晴戌耤C
Dependency status: overseas territory of France since 1955; administered from Paris by High Commissioner of the Republic Brigitte GIRARDIN (since 25 March 1998), assisted by Secretary General Jean-Yves HERMOSO (since NA)
Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 3 districts named Ile Crozet, Iles Kerguelen, and Iles Saint-Paul et Amsterdam; excludes "Adelie Land" claim in Antarctica that is not recognized by the US
Legal system: the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas territory of France)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (overseas territory of France)
Flag description: the flag of France is used
French Southern and Antarctic Lands    Economy Top of Page
Economy - overview: 【財政金融】1999年預算支出1.25億法郎,其中法國補貼4750萬法郎。 
【對外貿易】主要向法國和留尼汪出口龍蝦,也向外國出售郵票和集郵紀念品。

【通貨】通用法國法郎。匯率為100美元=615法郎

Economic activity is limited to servicing meteorological and geophysical research stations and French and other fishing fleets. The fish catches landed on Iles Kerguelen by foreign ships are exported to France and Reunion.

French Southern and Antarctic Lands    Communications Top of Page
Internet country code: .tf
French Southern and Antarctic Lands    Transportation Top of Page
Waterways: none
Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only
Merchant marine: total:  74 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,024,194 GRT/5,255,703 DWT

ships by type:  bulk 7, cargo 5, chemical tanker 9, container 11, liquefied gas 7, petroleum tanker 23, roll on/roll off 12

note:  includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: France 1 (2000 est.)
Airports: none
French Southern and Antarctic Lands    Military Top of Page
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of France
French Southern and Antarctic Lands    Transnational Issues Top of Page
Disputes - international: "Adelie Land" claim in Antarctica is not recognized by the US