Flag of Clipperton Island

Clipperton Island
(possession of France)


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Map of Clipperton Island

Clipperton Island    Introduction Top of Page
Background: This isolated island was named for John CLIPPERTON, a pirate who made it his hideout early in the 18th century. Annexed by France in 1855, it was seized by Mexico in 1897. Arbitration eventually awarded the island to France, which took possession in 1935.
Clipperton Island    Geography Top of Page
Location: Middle America, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, 1,120 km southwest of Mexico
Geographic coordinates: 10 17 N, 109 13 W
Map references: World
Area: total:  7 sq km

land:  7 sq km

water:  0 sq km
Area - comparative: about 12 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 11.1 km
Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: tropical, humid, average temperature 20-32 degrees C, rains May-October
Terrain: coral atoll
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:  Rocher Clipperton 29 m
Natural resources: fish
Land use: arable land:  0%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  0%

forests and woodland:  0%

other:  100% (all coral)
Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1993)
Natural hazards: NA
Environment - current issues: NA
Geography - note: reef about 8 km in circumference
Clipperton Island    People Top of Page
Population: uninhabited (July 2001 est.)
Clipperton Island    Government Top of Page
Country name: conventional long form:  none

conventional short form:  Clipperton Island

local long form:  none

local short form:  Ile Clipperton

former:  sometimes called Ile de la Passion
Dependency status: possession of France; administered by France from French Polynesia by a high commissioner of the Republic
Legal system: the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Flag description: the flag of France is used
Clipperton Island    Economy Top of Page
Economy - overview: Although 115 species of fish have been identified in the territorial waters of Clipperton Island, the only economic activity is tuna fishing.
Clipperton Island    Transportation Top of Page
Waterways: none
Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only
Clipperton Island    Military Top of Page
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of France
Clipperton Island    Transnational Issues Top of Page
Disputes - international: none