Flag of Jan Mayen

Jan Mayen
(territory of Norway)

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    Click for Jan Mayen, Norway Forecast  

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Map of Jan Mayen

Jan Mayen    Introduction Top of Page
Background: This desolate, mountainous island was named after a Dutch whaling captain who indisputably discovered it in 1614 (earlier claims are inconclusive). Visited only occasionally by seal hunters and trappers over the following centuries, the island came under Norwegian sovereignty in 1929. The long dormant Beerenberg volcano resumed activity in 1970; it is the northernmost active volcano on earth.
Jan Mayen    Geography Top of Page
Location: Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the Norwegian Sea, northeast of Iceland
Geographic coordinates: 71 00 N, 8 00 W
Map references: Arctic Region
Area: total:  373 sq km

land:  373 sq km

water:  0 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 124.1 km
Maritime claims: contiguous zone:  10 NM

continental shelf:  200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  4 NM
Climate: arctic maritime with frequent storms and persistent fog
Terrain: volcanic island, partly covered by glaciers
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Norwegian Sea 0 m

highest point:  Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg 2,277 m
Natural resources: none
Land use: arable land:  0%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  0%

forests and woodland:  0%

other:  100%
Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1993)
Natural hazards: dominated by the volcano Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg; volcanic activity resumed in 1970
Environment - current issues: NA
Geography - note: barren volcanic island with some moss and grass
Jan Mayen    People Top of Page
Population: no indigenous inhabitants

note:  there are personnel who operate the Long Range Navigation (Loran-C) base and the weather and coastal services radio station (July 2001 est.)
Jan Mayen    Government Top of Page
Country name: conventional long form:  none

conventional short form:  Jan Mayen
Dependency status: territory of Norway; administered from Oslo through a governor (sysselmann) resident in Longyearbyen (Svalbard); however, authority has been delegated to a station commander of the Norwegian Defense Communication Service
Legal system: the laws of Norway, where applicable, apply
Flag description: the flag of Norway is used
Jan Mayen    Economy Top of Page
Economy - overview: Jan Mayen is a volcanic island with no exploitable natural resources. Economic activity is limited to providing services for employees of Norway's radio and meteorological stations located on the island.
Jan Mayen    Communications Top of Page
Radio broadcast stations: AM NA, FM NA, shortwave NA

note:  there is one radio and meteorological station (1998)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 13 (Jan Mayen and Svalbard) (2000)
Jan Mayen    Transportation Top of Page
Waterways: none
Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only
Airports: 1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways: total:  1

1,524 to 2,437 m:  1 (2000 est.)
Jan Mayen    Military Top of Page
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of Norway
Jan Mayen    Transnational Issues Top of Page
Disputes - international: none

valign="top">none; offshore anchorage only
Airports: 1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways: total:  1

1,524 to 2,437 m:  1 (2000 est.)
Jan Mayen    Military Top of Page
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of Norway
Jan Mayen    Transnational Issues Top of Page
Disputes - international: none