Flag of Midway Islands

Midway Islands

(territory of the US)




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Map of Midway Islands

Midway Islands    Introduction Top of Page

中途島(Midway Island

中途島(Midway Island 美國無建制領土。位於太平洋北部,地處太平洋東、西兩岸的中途,屬波利尼西亞群島。東南距檀香山約1850公里。由沙島、東島和斯皮特島組成,為珊瑚礁島,陸地面積6.2平方公里,周長15公里。地勢低平,陸地最高點為海平面以上13米。屬亞熱帶氣候,盛行東風。島上無本土居民。

The US took formal possession of the islands in 1867. The laying of the trans-Pacific cable, which passed through the islands, brought the first residents in 1903. Between 1935 and 1947, Midway was used as a refueling stop for trans-Pacific flights. The US naval victory over a Japanese fleet off Midway in 1942 was one of the turning points of World War II. The islands continued to serve as a naval station until closed in 1993. Today the islands are a wildlife refuge open to the public.

Midway Islands    Geography Top of Page
Location: Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-third of the way from Honolulu to Tokyo
Geographic coordinates: 28 13 N, 177 22 W
Map references: Oceania
Area: total:  6.2 sq km

land:  6.2 sq km

water:  0 sq km

note:  includes Eastern Island, Sand Island, and Spit Island
Area - comparative: about nine times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 15 km
Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: subtropical, but moderated by prevailing easterly winds
Terrain: low, nearly level
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:  unnamed location 13 m
Natural resources: wildlife, terrestrial and aquatic
Land use: arable land:  0%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  0%

forests and woodland:  0%

other:  100%
Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998)
Natural hazards: NA
Environment - current issues: NA
Geography - note: a coral atoll managed as a national wildlife refuge and open to the public for wildlife-related recreation in the form of wildlife observation and photography, sport fishing, snorkeling, and scuba diving
Midway Islands    People Top of Page
Population: no indigenous inhabitants; approximately 150 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services cooperator living at the atoll (July 2001 est.)
Midway Islands    Government Top of Page
Country name: conventional long form:  none

conventional short form:  Midway Islands
Dependency status: unincorporated territory of the US; formerly administered from Washington, DC, by the US Navy, under Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Pacific Division; this facility has been operationally closed since 10 September 1993; on 31 October 1996, through a presidential executive order, the jurisdiction and control of the atoll was transferred to the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system
Legal system: the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Flag description: the flag of the US is used
Midway Islands    Economy Top of Page
Economy - overview: The economy is based on providing support services for the national wildlife refuge activities located on the islands. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.
Midway Islands    Transportation Top of Page
Highways: total:  NA km

paved:  NA km

unpaved:  NA km
Waterways: none
Pipelines: 7.8 km
Ports and harbors: Sand Island
Airports: 3 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways: total:  2

1,524 to 2,437 m:  2 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways: total:  1

914 to 1,523 m:  1 (2000 est.)
Midway Islands    Military Top of Page
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US
Midway Islands    Transnational Issues Top of Page
Disputes - international: none