Flag of Wake Island

Wake Island
威克島

(territory of the US)

國歌

  Click for Wake Island Airfield, Wake Island Forecast  

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Map of Wake Island

 
Wake Island    Introduction Top of Page
Background:

威克島(Wake Island

威克島(Wake Island 美國無建制領土。位於北太平洋,關島以東約2060公里,由3個小礁島組成,形成于水下的火山之上,中央的瀉湖即是原來的火山口。面積6.5平方公里,海岸線長19.3公里。陸地最高點為海平面以上6米。熱帶氣候,偶有颱風。
該島地處關島和夏威夷之間,戰略地位重要,被稱為“太平洋的踏腳石”。1962年美國在島上建成了現代化機場,1964年完成了新的海底電纜的鋪設。該島還是檀香山和關島海底電纜的連結點。1972年,該島交由美國防部管轄。1974年用作導彈試驗基地。70年代中期至今,成為美空軍緊急降落基地,也是美民航和軍用飛機從檀香山到東京和關島的加油站。1990年美國國會有一項立法建議將該島置於關島管轄範圍內。目前該島由美國內政部管轄,偶有由美國空軍管理的活動。
島上無本土居民,暫住人口只有一些承包商(20006月)。經濟活動僅限於為島上的承包商提供服務。所有的食品和製成品依賴進口。島上有電話系統和衛星通訊系統。無港口,有一個飛機場(1999年)。
馬紹爾群島共和國(南距該島500公里)以該島在傳統宗教儀式上的重要性為理由,對該島提出主權要求。

The US annexed Wake Island in 1899 for a cable station. An important air and naval base was constructed in 1940-41. In December 1941 the island was captured by the Japanese and held until the end of World War II. In subsequent years, Wake was developed as a stopover and refueling site for military and commercial aircraft transiting the Pacific. Since 1974, the island's airstrip has been used by the US military and some commercial cargo planes, as well as for emergency landings. There are over 700 landings a year on the island.

Wake Island    Geography Top of Page
Location: Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to the Northern Mariana Islands
Geographic coordinates: 19 17 N, 166 36 E
Map references: Oceania
Area: total:  6.5 sq km

land:  6.5 sq km

water:  0 sq km
Area - comparative: about 11 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 19.3 km
Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone:  200 NM

territorial sea:  12 NM
Climate: tropical
Terrain: atoll of three coral islands built up on an underwater volcano; central lagoon is former crater, islands are part of the rim
Elevation extremes: lowest point:  Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:  unnamed location 6 m
Natural resources: none
Land use: arable land:  0%

permanent crops:  0%

permanent pastures:  0%

forests and woodland:  0%

other:  100%
Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998)
Natural hazards: occasional typhoons
Environment - current issues: NA
Geography - note: strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean; emergency landing location for transpacific flights
Wake Island    People Top of Page
Population: no indigenous inhabitants

note:  US military personnel have left the island, but civilian personnel remain; as of December 2000, one US Army civilian and 123 civilian contractor personnel were present (January 2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
Wake Island    Government Top of Page
Country name: conventional long form:  none

conventional short form:  Wake Island
Dependency status: unincorporated territory of the US; administered from Washington, DC, by the Department of the Interior; activities on the island are managed by the US Army under a US Air Force permit
Legal system: the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Flag description: the flag of the US is used
Wake Island    Economy Top of Page
Economy - overview: Economic activity is limited to providing services to contractors located on the island. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.
Electricity - production: NA kWh
Wake Island    Communications Top of Page
Telephone system: general assessment:  satellite communications; 1 DSN circuit off the Overseas Telephone System (OTS)

domestic:  NA

international:  NA
Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM NA, shortwave NA

note:  Armed Forces Radio/Television Service (AFRTS) radio service provided by satellite (1998)
Television broadcast stations: 0 (1997)
Wake Island    Transportation Top of Page
Waterways: none
Ports and harbors: none; two offshore anchorages for large ships
Airports: 1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways: total:  1

2,438 to 3,047 m:  1 (2000 est.)
Transportation - note: formerly an important commercial aviation base, now used by US military, some commercial cargo planes, and for emergency landings
Wake Island    Military Top of Page
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the US
Wake Island    Transnational Issues Top of Page
Disputes - international: claimed by Marshall Islands